is unregulated, iron may accumulate in the eye and degrade the macula. The macula, a small portion of the retina which is responsible for sharp and detailed vision, deteriorates over time when the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) surrounding the macula oxidizes triggering an inflammatory response. Transferrin-iron saturation percentage (TS) : a measure of iron carried by the protein transferrin in the serum; represented by fasting serum iron divided by total iron binding capacity (tibc multiplied by 100. In hhcs, components of ferritin accumulate in the eye lens and crystalize disrupting the light transmission which enables a person to see. Dunaiefs research has shown that the oral iron chelator deferiprone may be a possible treatment for AMD if iron accumulation was one of the causes for its development. The result is hereditary hyperferritinemia cataract syndrome (hhcs an inherited condition of early-onset cataracts which could be dangerously confused with hemochromatosis (iron overload) unless a person is diagnosed using the full iron panel : Hemoglobin : the iron-containing protein in the blood that carries iron. Iron is a necessary mineral for many of the bodys functions, including vision. Serum ferritin : indicates the amount of iron stored in the body, via the protein ferritin. Iron contributes to the leading causes of vision loss.